It is a wireless technology.it is mainly used in controlling and sensor the networks.it is based IEEE 802.15 standard of TG4(task group 4) in 2003. The ZigBee has major advantage of low rate data transfer and provide long coverage for wireless application.it is created by ZigBee alliance. The ZigBee word comes from honeybees zigzag path for enter into the pot likewise in a zigzag manner it will capable of deliver data to the end nodes.
It is responsible for modulation and demodulation while transmission and reception of data of wireless personal area network (WPAN).
Media access control:
It is responsible to provide reliable transmission and reception by using MAC address and provide beacon frames to zigbee coordinator.
It perform network related tasks like connection setup, end device connection, disconnection, routing with help of ip address and device configuration.
The pairing of two devices can be matched based on frame works and there are three paring technique were used1) key value pairing by setting the attributes between coordinator and end devices, 2) generic message service it will defined by developer,3) ZDO it used to detecting and pairing the additional devices in a network, initiating and binding other devices to local area network. Some of major applications are traffic management in a network, remote control, home electronic systems, energy management.