The Future- Pico Cells.
Have you ever faced an network disruption even when your WIFI is connected? Has your mobile phone or laptop has taken long whole minutes to just install and run apps? Don’t lose hope we all face these issues. One among the foremost important reasons behind the plot is often the worlds telephone networks which reached the matter of transmitting high capacity data of many people on ancient traditional technology.
Small cell technology which encompass Pico cell, Microcell and FemtoCell technology as in Fig.1 are great samples of advancements paving the way for the long run of wireless capabilities around the world.
Pico cell-The future:
Wireless cells are commonly prioritised as macrocells, microcells, picocells and femtocells, with depleting cell radii and degrading Tx power levels. The femtocell is the littlest , and thus the picocell is the one that comes next.
Picocells and femtocells are small cells being a member to the family of Low-Power Nodes (LPNs). Counting on the environment, the quality and type of communication service, one could even be a much better candidate than the other .
A Pico cell may be a moderately small cellular covering base station typically hovering a little area, like in-building (offices, shopping malls, train stations, stock exchanges, etc., or more recently in-aircraft. In cellular networks, picocells are typically designed and manufactured to extend coverage to indoor areas where outdoor signals don’t react well, or to attribute network capacity in areas with very dense phone usage, like train stations or stadiums.
Small cells in 5G network:
Small cells are essential for 5G networks as they enhance network coverage, boost the network capacity and improve its density. Additionally, since they provide short range wireless transmission opportunities and only make use of very little power, small cell technology will become the inspiration for the longer term of 5G.
Small cells are operator-controlled. They act as a radio access point to feature targeted network capacity in areas with very dense phone usage. They will be utilized within different indoor or outdoor applications, supporting the demand.
Countless sort of telecom networks utilise picocells to issue services to various users. Typically the facade is like the local area networks (LAN) provided by individual wireless routers, in which a picocell station picks up a signal from a ginormous network and supplies it to a very local range.
They are supported and handled by a larger network provider, whereas femtocells are often maintained to withstand more autonomously when receiving local feedback for radio frequency and protocol valuations. Each kind of small network extenders are blooming as frequently used components in the telecom IT industry.
- Provides maximum outdoor capacity
- Has higher PA power
- Has higher processing power
- Can relate a higher number of regular users.
- More expensive than femto cells
Picocells are optimal for larger indoor applications. They supply extended network coverage and data, perfect for giant offices, hotels, schools and shopping centers. Picocell 5G small cell technology allows you to satisfy the requirements of mobile-dependent employees and consumers, while delivering a better level of service.