HELPFUL HAM RADIO :
Ham radio is very inexpensive ,it is unlimited and free to use.Amateur radio is also known as the ham radio which is found to be one of the hobby enjoyed by several hundred thousand people in the United States and by a million people worldwide.This service brings electronics and communication together.It provides communication during states of emergency.The peculiar thing here is that the ham radio functions even when all other services fail.
FUNCTIONING OF HAM RADIO:
It’s really fascinating to know how our ham radio works? Ham uses a variety of frequencies for communication. Non ham listen in via their own receivers and radio scanners.Across the radio spectrum it is found that the ham use many frequency bands and these frequencies are allocated by the FCC for amateur use.
WHO CAN USE HAM RADIO:
This ham radio operators come from various walks of the life like doctors, engineers,students,movie stars,politicians and even truck drivers.They are of all ages,gender,income level and nationalities.It can be either a Morse code,voice communication or computerized messages all hams use radio to reach out the world.
APPEAL OF HAM RADIO:
Ham radio can be used from mountains,home and even behind the car without relying on internet.It is important to notice that this ham radio is been used in disaster time for emergency situation when all the communication fails.We can communicate with other hams using voice and a microphone interface radio with our computer to send message or texts.It is fascinating to hear that the ham can even be used in space too.It helps to even communicate with astronauts aboard the international space station and talk to other hams through one of several satellites in space or bounce signals off the moon and back to Earth.
LICENSE TO OPERATE HAM:
You must have a license to operate a ham radio.The basic license is for lower power and frequencies with limited range.They tend to be VHF and UHF frequencies.For high frequencies in the 3 to 30 MHz range and in designated ham radio frequencies it requires an advanced license.
PROCEDURE TO OBTAIN HAM LICENSE:
*You must be 12 years of age to get a restricted license and 18 years to get a general license
*Get the forms and prepare your documents.The demand draft is also known as a Banker’s pay order ONLY from the State Bank of India in the name of “Engineer In charge” and payable at “New Delhi” for the amount of ₹100/- Also send a blank unused envelope with your application.
*Send the forms via post to the nearest wireless monitoring station.
*Then you shall appear for the exam.
The FCC has issued six types of license operator class, each authorising varying levels of privileges. The class for which each license is qualified is determined by the degree of skill and knowledge in operating a station that the licensee demonstrates during an examination to volunteer examiners in his or her community.
NEED OF HAM LICENSE:
• The government tries to ensure that the person going to be a ham radio hobbyist is called technically competent.
•He /she does not interfere with other professional two way wireless communication services.
•Prevent misuse of the wireless set.
•He/she maintains the standard international operating practices.
APPLICATION OF HAM RADIO:
* Listen and communicate with emergency services
* Talk to astronauts and space stations
*Can talk all around the world without relying on the internet.
*Signal can be tracked.
*Digital application of Ham radio
*Ham radio in agriculture
*Software defined radio
So it is really interesting to be a part of Ham which will greatly integrate you into both electronics and communication.